For information on the third coronavirus relief package, see our blog post, American Rescue Plan: What Does it Mean for You and a Third Stimulus Check.
Who pays the estimated tax?
Not all income is designed to allow taxes to be deducted at source. Freelancers and freelancers, for example, do not have a tax deduction on their salary. Interest, dividend and rent income, taxable unemployment benefits, retirement benefits and the taxable portion of your Social Security benefits are other examples of income that is not taxed at source. If you earn such income, you should pay the estimated tax.
Get every dollar you make with unlimited tax advice from experts who know self-employed taxes inside and out. Whether you’re a freelancer, independent contractor, small business owner, or have multiple sources of income, TurboTax Self-Employed can help you uncover the industry-specific deductions you qualify for. You can also save up to an additional $20 by filing with TurboTax Self-Employed.
Pay Estimated Taxes
The estimated tax payment is based on an estimate of your income for the current year. Therefore, underestimation is possible, resulting in underpayment and a penalty. To avoid this penalty, use your previous year’s taxes as a guide. As long as you pay 100 percent of the previous year’s tax, you won’t be penalized. If you end up paying too much, you can get a tax refund at the end of the year.
You should pay quarterly tax on time, or you may face a quarterly penalty for late tax receipt, even if you overpaid the total tax due for the year and are entitled to a refund.
Estimated Tax Calculation
The calculation is based on an estimate of current income. To help you with the estimate, you can start with the federal tax return for the previous year. View the taxable income, taxes paid, credits and deductions from the previous year and compare them to the current year’s figures. The 1040-ES form pack includes worksheets to help you account for differences between last year’s and current year’s income and calculate the tax you owe.
Who should submit 1040-ES
To determine if you should file 1040-ES for the current year, perform the following calculation:
Scroll to Next
Take the tax you paid the previous year. Calculate 90 percent of the estimated tax debt for the current year. Compare the two and take the smaller number. (For example, last year you paid $500 in taxes. This year, it is estimated that you will pay $1,000, and 90 percent of that is $900. The smaller of the two numbers is $500.) Compare You now have the sum of all deductions and credits to this number.
If you expect to owe at least $1,000 in tax after all deductions and credits AND your withholdings and credits are expected to be less than the calculated figure—$500 in this example—then you should file 1040-ES.
TurboTax Live experts take care of you. Expert help along the way: get help or file your taxes along the way. You can speak live with tax experts online for unlimited answers and advice OR have a dedicated tax professional handle your taxes for you so you can be confident in your tax returns. Enjoy up to an additional $20 discount when you get started with TurboTax Live.
Exception from submission
If you had no tax liability in the prior year, you were a US citizen or resident throughout the year, and your prior tax year was 12 months, you do not need to file a 1040-ES.
When to submit 1040-ES
Estimated tax payments are due four times in a tax year. For calendar year taxpayers (which most individuals are), the due dates are April 15, June 15, September 15 of the current year and January 15 of the following year, or the next business day if the due date falls on a weekend or weekend a holiday falls.
If you are working with a fiscal year calendar – the year does not run from January 1st to December 31st – then the four due dates are spread out over the fiscal year, on the 15th of the fourth, sixth and ninth months of the year and so on the 15th. of the first month of the next financial year.
You can pay weekly, bi-weekly, or at any interval as long as you pay in full the amount due for that period. You can also estimate your tax liability for the whole year and pay the estimated tax in one lump sum by April 15th of the current year.
TurboTax Self-Employed asks you simple questions about your life and helps you fill out the right forms. Perfect for independent contractors and small businesses. We look for 500+ tax deductions to get you every dollar you make and help you uncover industry-specific deductions.